Introduction to Hypnosis Part 1

DEFINISI HIPNOTIS

Telah banyak buku yang ditulis mengenai hypnosis dijual dipasaran sana. Saya bahkan dengan mudah dapat merekomendasikan beberapa buku mulai dari klasik seperti Hypnotherapy karya Dave Elman, sampai karya hypnotherapist Indonesia Adi Gunawan.

Hypnosis seperti yang telah dijelaskan di buku-buku lainnya bukanlah sebuah peristiwa magis, ajaib, atau sebuah ilmu kegelapan yang dapat dipakai untuk mengontrol orang lain. Nyatanya hypnosis adalah sebuah peristiwa alami yang terjadi dalam kehidupan sehari-hari.

Bila kita membuka kamus Merriam-Webster kita akan menemukan hypnosis adalah

“a trancelike state of altered consciousness that resembles sleep but is induced by a person whose suggestions are readily accepted by the subject”

Dalam kelas dengan HMI saya diajarkan bahwa hypnosis adalah

“Is an overload of messages, disorganizing our inhiitory processes. Triggering our flight or fight mechanizisms. Ultimately producing a hyper-suggestive state”

Jelas kita harus memasukkan definisi hypnosis menurut APA (American Psychological Association)

“hypnosis is a procedure during which a health professional or researcher suggests while treating someone that he or she experience changes in sensations, perceptions, thoughts, or behavior. Although some hypnosis is used to make people more alert, most hypnosis includes suggestions for relaxation, calmness, and well-being. Instructions to imagine or think about pleasant experiences are also commonly included during hypnosis. People respond to hypnosis in different ways. Some describe hypnosis as a state of focused attention, in which they feel very calm and relaxed. Most people describe the experience as pleasant.”

Untuk memeriahkan suasana saya akan menambahkan lagi Hypnosis menurut para ahli yang saya ambil dari website milik Gil Boyne

Hypnosis is the term applied to a unique, complex form of unusual but normal behaviour which can probably be induced in all normal persons under suitable conditions and also in many persons suffering from various types of abnormality. It is primarily a special psychological state with certain physiological attributes, resembling sleep only superficially and marked by a functioning of the individual at a level of awareness other than the ordinary conscious state… when hypnotized, or in the hypnotic trance, the subject can think, act and behave in relationship to either ideas or reality objects as adequately as, and usually better than, he can in the ordinary state of awareness. In all probability, this ability derives from intensity and restriction of attention to the task in hand, and the consequent freedom from the ordinary conscious tendency to orient constantly to distracting, even irrelevant, reality considerations.
Encyclopaedia Britannica

 

Hypnotism is simply exaggerated suggestibility.
George H. Estabrooks

 

All of the various mesmeric, hypnotic, and verbal suggestive induction procedures have only one objective: To help promote this state of single-mindedness, of exclusively concentrated attention, letting other ideas pass into torpid oblivion. Because the monoideised attention has heightened the intensity of the one focal or dominant idea, the power of the imagination on mind and body is considerably greater than in the ordinary waking state, and thus suggestions are likely to initiate correspondingly greater influence.
Ronald E. Shor

 

A state of intensified attention and receptiveness, and an increased responsiveness to an idea or to a set of ideas.
Milton H. Erickson

 

Nothing but an aspect of conditioning.
Andrew Salter

 

Hypnosis is largely a question of your willingness to be receptive and responsive to ideas, and to allow these ideas to act upon you without interference. These ideas we call suggestions.
Andre M. Weitzenhoffer and Ernest R. Hilgard

 

Hypnosis is not sleep. Whatever sleep is, hypnosis is not. In an operational sense, hypnosis is a response to a signal from another or to an inner signal, which activates a capacity for a shift of awareness in the subject and permits a more intensive concentration upon a designated goal direction… to put it succinctly, hypnosis is an altered state of attention which approaches peak concentration capacity.
Herbert Spiegel

 

An altered state of the organism originally produced by a repetition of stimuli in which suggestion (no matter how defined) is more effective than usual.
Such a definition as this is admittedly ringed with ifs and buts and questions of how, what and why, and is more descriptive than explanatory.
F. L. Marcuse

 

It is recognized that there is no generally accepted definition of hypnosis, though considerable consensus exists at a descriptive level.
Martin T. Orne

 

It is a somewhat altered state of consciousness and altered awareness, although the conscious mind is still present. We might compare it to a teeter-totter. In the waking state the conscious mind is at the high end of the teeter-totter and the subconscious mind at the low end. Under hypnosis they reverse and the subconscious is at the high end and the conscious part at the low end, but it is still present. Thoughts rise from the inner mind into consciousness.
Leslie M. LeCron

 

Hypnosis is a natural state of mind with special identifying characteristics:

  • An extraordinary quality of relaxation.
  • An emotionalised desire to satisfy the suggested behaviour: The person feels like doing what the hypnotist suggests, provided that what is suggested does not generate conflict with his belief system.
  • The organism becomes self-regulating and produces normalization of the central nervous system.
  • Heightened and selective sensitivity to stimuli perceived by the five senses and four basic perceptions.
  • Immediate softening of psychic defences.
  • Lack of response to irrelevant external stimuli.

Gil Boyne

 

Seperti yang dapat kita lihat definisi hypnosis sangatlah banyak dan lucunya setiap ahli memiliki definisi yang berbeda mengenai hypnosis. Dan nyatanya kebanyakan para ahli setuju kalau hypnosis merupakan teknik yang efektif dan efisien dalam membantu seseorang mencapai keadaan yang diinginkan.

Alasan ini merupakan hal pertama yang saya diskusikan adalah karena saya ingin kita memulai perjalanan pembelajaran hypnosis ini dengan pikiran terbuka. Tidak bersombong diri mengira kalau jalan yang diambil kita sudah paling benar.

Kita ingin memulai mempelajari hypnosis dengan pikiran yang dapat menyerap ilmu-ilmu yang berguna dan mampu membahagiakan orang lain dan diri sendiri. Bukannya terlelap dalam sebuah kepercayaan buta mengenai sebuah konsep atau praktik dan tidak memandang sebelah mata atas praktik lainnya.

Saya menutup pembahasan awal ini dengan definisi hypnosis favorit saya:

Hypnosis adalah keadaan pikiran dimana pikiran kritis terlewati dan munculnya pemikiran yang terpilih (terjemahan pribadi)

Hypnosis is a state of mind in which the critical faculty of the human is bypassed, and selective thinking established. [Dave Elman, Hypnotherapy, 1964: 26]

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  1. I Know All About Hypnosis: Kumpulan Mitos - April 15, 2014

    […] Sebelum memberikan penjelasan tentang hipnosis, saya seringkali bertanya, “Apa yang Anda tahu mengenai hipnosis?” Lalu, tentu saja, dengan semua pengetahuan yang sudah mereka dapatkan dari acara TV dan Internet, banyak sekali jawaban yang berbeda. Nah, di sini saya akan sedikit banyak menjelaskan banyaknya mitos yang ada dalam hipnosis dengan membabarkan pandangan orang mengenai hipnosis/hipnotherapy. Untuk penjelasan lebih lanjut mengenai hipnosis bisa dilihat di sini. […]

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